In the case of some classes (types) of non-life insurance, having paid claims or benefits, the insurer may assume claims against third parties (subrogations) or property rights to the insured property (salvages).
Salvages are presented in the statement of financial position under “Other assets” and their fair value estimated as at the obtaining date reduces the claims and benefits paid in the given period.
Estimated salvages and subrogations are measured using the actuarial methods (expected future value of refunds due to assumption of claims against third parties and assumption of the right to the insured property) and are recognized in the statement of financial position under “Estimated salvages and subrogations”.
Estimation of future subrogations and salvages is based on annual triangles of received subrogations and salvages. The value of future subrogations and salvages is calculated with the generalized Chain Ladder method, broken down by the years during which losses were incurred.
Estimated values of salvages and subrogations, recognized in the accounting records in the given period, reduce the costs of the increase of claims technical provisions for that period.