Associates are entities over which the parent entity has significant influence i.e. in which it holds enough power to be entitled to participate in the financial and operating policy decisions of the investee, but is not in control or joint control of these policies.
A joint venture is a joint arrangement whereby the parties that have joint control of the arrangement have rights to the net assets of the arrangement.
Associates and joint ventures are measured using the equity method, i.e. initially the investment is recognized at cost, and the carrying amount is increased or decreased to recognize the investor’s share of the profit or loss of the associate or joint venture. The share of PZU Group in the financial profit of associates and joint ventures is recognized in the consolidated statement of profit or loss under "Share in net profit (loss) of entities measured using the equity method", and the share in changes of comprehensive income items – in the statement of other comprehensive income.
At the end of each financial year and every time any impairment indicators are identified, associates and joint ventures are tested for impairment. The test is based on the assessment of the recoverable amount of the whole entity and by comparing it with the carrying amounts (including goodwill). Should the recoverable amount be lower, the impairment loss is first allocated to goodwill.